Coded aperture design for compressive spectral subspace clustering

Abstract

Compressive spectral imaging (CSI) acquires compressed observations of a spectral scene by applying different coding patterns at each spatial location and then performing a spectral-wise integration. Relying on compressive sensing, spectral image reconstruction is achieved by using nonlinear and relatively expensive optimization-based algorithms. In the CSI literature, several works have focused on improving reconstructions quality by properly designing the set of coding patterns. However, signal recovery is not actually necessary in many signal processing applications. For instance, assuming that compressed measurements with similar characteristics lie on the same subspace, unsupervised methods such as subspace clustering can be used to separate them into the same cluster. Since the structure of compressed measurements is defined by the applied codification, it is possible to improve clustering performance. This paper proposes to design a set of coding patterns such that inter-class and intra-class data structure is preserved after the CSI acquisition in order to improve clustering results directly on the compressed domain. To validate the coding pattern design, an algorithm based on sparse subspace clustering (SSC) is proposed to perform clustering on the compressed measurements. The proposed algorithm adds a three-dimensional (3-D) spatial regularizer to the SSC problem exploiting the spatial correlation of spectral images. In general, an overall accuracy up to 83.81% is obtained, when noisy measurements are assumed. In addition, a difference of at most 4% in terms of overall accuracy was observed when comparing the clustering results obtained by the full 3-D data with those achieved using CSI measurements acquired with the proposed coding pattern design.

Publication
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing 2018
Compressive Spectral imaging Coded Aperture Design Unsupervised Classification Subspace Clustering
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Carlos Hinojosa
Ph.D Student In Computer Science

I’m Carlos Hinojosa. Computer scientist and engineer with over six years of experience in scientific research and software development. My research interests are in computer vision, machine learning, computational imaging, sparse representation, and signal processing.